Title Deed

A TAPU “ title deed” is an official document which shows ownership rights over the real estate.
you can only call yourself the owner of a property if you have a TAPU.

If you buy a house in Turkey, You get a TAPU 'Title Deed' . A TAPU is an excerpt from the Turkish real estate registry. This property registry, also known as TAPU office.

The TAPU contains the following information: location, a photograph of the owner, property category, facts of the property and archiving information.

There are red and blue TAPU's.

A red TAPU is for a common hold . You get a red TAPU if you buy an apartment in a complex or a house in a project.

A blue TAPU can have different legal meanings :

1. Farmland

2. Building land
A blue TAPU is not a common hold.
Most foreigners who buy a house in Turkey will receive a red TAPU.
In Turkey, you cannot sign a legal sales contract in the presence of a Turkish Civil-law notary. This is only possible in the presence of an official of the TAPU office. Prior to the official sale at the TAPU office you can sign a “promise-to-sell” contract in the presence of a notary. You should always record the actual purchase price in this “promise-to-sell” contract and register the contract at the Land Registry. This contract has a legal status. In case of problems, you can enforce the sale through the courts.

Iskan or habitation license

After the completion of the building process, the municipality will inspect the construction to make sure that it is built according to the building license and the approved construction plans. If everything is ok, the developer receives a general 'Iskan', a document which legalizes the construction. If the general 'Iskan' is issued, the house owners can apply for an individual Iskan, a habitation license. This habitation license is required to connect the property to the public utilities. If you do not have an Iskan, water and electricity will be considerably more expensive. If you want to sell a house without a habitation license, you need to reduce the price drastically.

An individual Iskan is strangely enough and not a must to obtain a Tapu. So you can own a property without a habitation license.

Finalizing the sale at the TAPU office

You just have to sign the purchase contract and pay the vendor. Buyer and vendor both receive a copy of the contract. In Turkey, the property is transferred in the presence of an official of the TAPU office. After signing the purchase contract in the TAPU office, you are the legitimate owner of the property. You don't get a copy of the purchase contract but a TAPU of the type 'Kat Mülkiyeti'. This second and final TAPU gives you the lawful ownership of the land and the finished building.

Translation and meaning of the terms on the red TAPU.



The red TAPU consists of 3 parts :

A. Main Real Estate Section. Location Details of the apartment building or project.

B. Independent Unit Section

C. Archiving data, stamp and signature of the TAPU official.


A. Main Real Estate Section. Location Details of the apartment building or project.

No.

Name

Meaning

1

Ili

Province

2

Ilçesi

Borough, district or town

3

Mahallesi

Parish, quarter

4

Köyü

Village

5

Sokagi

Street

6

Mevkii

Location

7

Fotograf

Photo

8

Pafta No

Map Number Land Registry

9

Ada No

Plot Number on Map

10

Parsel No

Parcel Number on Map

11

Niteligi

Type of Property ("Building" or "building land")

12

Ha

Hectares

13

M2

Sq.meters

14

Dm2

Sq.decim.'s

15

Siniri

Boundaries of the parcel



B. Independent Unit Section

No.

Name

Meaning

16

Kat Mülkiyeti

Ownership of real property rights for land and the finished building on the land

17

Kat Irtifaki

Ownership of real property rights for land and the unfinished building on the land

18

Devre Mülk

Timeshare. Fractional/timed ownership (the independent unit is owned just for a certain period of a year)

19

Satis bedeli

Purchase price. Make sure that this is the actual price otherwise you run the risk of a substantial fine for tax evasion.

20

Niteligi

Type of Property ("Building" or "building land")

21

Arsa Payi

Share in land shown as Share/Total

22

Blok No.

Block (Building, Mansion) Number

23

Kat No.

Floor Number

24

Bagimsiz bölüm No.

Apartment, house number

25

Edinme sebebi

The reason why the property is being acquired. For example, 'Sales', 'Donation' or 'Legacy'. Including the particulars of the buyer and seller.

26

Sahibi

Name of Owner or Owners. More than one person can own the same property. In this case, their respective shares are to be shown in this section.



C. Archiving data , stamp and signature of the TAPU official.

No.

Name

Meaning

27

Cilt No.

Binder No. First coordinate of the location of the sales contract in the Public Registry

28

Sahife No.

Page No. Second coordinate of the location of the sales contract in the Public Registry

29

Sira No.

Entry No. Third coordinate of the location of the sales contract in the Public Registry

30

Tarihi

Date of registration

31

Yevmiye No.

Transaction Number. Each transaction is assigned a unique number.

32

Siciline uygundur

Appropriated for registration. Stamp and signature of the official of the Public Registry